While a new roof can be both exciting (and perhaps a bit intimidating) the roofing industry has a language all its own.
Many people will find themselves in a world of unfamiliar terminology when it comes time to speak with a contractor in person about your roof repair or replacement.
We’ve broken down the parts of a roof from the bottom up so you better understand what your roofing contractor is talking about.
1. Ceiling Joists
Ceiling joists are installed above the wall framing and are responsible for holding up the ceiling in your home. Without ceiling joists, the walls would simply crumble from the pressure of the roof.
2. Rafters & Trusses
Rafters and trusses are both used for roof framing.
If your home has been built in the last 30 years, it was probably built with trusses. These parts are more commonly used because they are more economical to build off-site and deliver to the construction site in packages.
Rafters are cut and built on-site and used only for more custom or traditional builds.
3. Rafter Ties
Rafter ties are installed at the bottom third of the roof structure. They are essential to support the rafters and keep the walls below from spreading under the weight of the roof. Without rafter ties, the roof would pancake and push out the sidewalls. Rafter ties are usually required by code.
The ridge or peak of the roof is the area where two roof planes meet and are the highest point on a roof.
5. Collar Ties
Collar ties are installed in the top third of the roof structure and are used to prevent separation of the roof at the ridge due to wind uplift.
They are often needed, but not required. Many homeowners end up removing collar ties to increase attic space. Whether or not this is possible requires the approval of a structural engineer.
6. Roof Decking / Sheathing
This is the foundation of your roof. It is the base layer of wood that sits on top of the structural trusses. It covers the rafters and supports the weight of your roofing materials.
Often also referred to as sheathing, roof decking is typically made from plywood or particle board and is a critical component to the structure of your home.
The underlayment is a waterproof or water-resistant material placed directly on a roof deck. The main job of underlayment is to keep your home waterproof.
This is a critical component of the attic to prevent heat loss. Attic insulation is designed to reduce the overall heat transfer to decrease the energy demands of HVAC systems.
Roof ventilation keeps your home’s atmosphere comfortable and prevents moisture damage. This should be a system of intake and exhaust vents to provide adequate air circulation.
These provide the fixing point for roofing materials as an alternative to attaching materials directly to the roof deck. Roof battens are preferred by many builders and have been used for years. There are some situations where a roof batten system must be used, like in cases where the HVAC system is on the roof, or for slate tiles.
A roof valley is where two slopes meet and form a V angle. These are used to improve water runoff and support drainage.
Valley shapes are lightweight roofing structures that provide a beautiful, classical appearance.
An eave is the part of the roof that overhangs the exterior siding. Eaves can be both decorative and practical. While they are an element of classic architecture, they also protect the siding and foundation of the structure and a sunshade for interior spaces.
This is the underside of the eaves, where the fascia and gutters are connected to the wall. The soffit serves several purposes.
It is a source of ventilation and can prevent pests from getting into the attic.
14. Fascia Board
The fascia is the vertical facing board that supports the bottom row of roofing materials. It is typically PVC material and is designed to keep moisture from entering the roof.
15. Gutter & Downspout
The gutter and downspout are the drainage system of your property.
This system is critical for handling rain and snow and directing the water off of your roof and away from your home.
16. Roof Covering
This is the outermost layer of a roof. The most popular materials are asphalt shingles and metal. Any type of roofing material should act as a waterproof barrier to protect the whole building structure.
Any type of heat source in your home requires a chimney to disperse byproduct gasses, like carbon dioxide. Any type of fireplace including wood, coal, gas, or oil requires a chimney to remove hot gasses.
A skylight is basically a flat window on your roof. These are often added for a variety of reasons. They can increase light, and ventilation, while providing an architectural and stylistic statement.
A dormer is a vertical projection that typically holds a window. They are different from skylights because they are typically gabled or hipped rather than flat on the roof’s surface.
This is a thin metal material installed around any curved areas on the roof to add extra protection.
Flashing is always installed around vents, chimneys, skylights, and dormers as these areas are more vulnerable to storm damage.
Understanding Your Roof’s Anatomy
Your roof is a complex but critical part of your home.
All of these parts of a roof play an integral role in either the structural, functional, or aesthetics of your roofing structure.
Prime Seamless Gutters & Roofing is a roofing contractor serving Austin and San Antonio, TX. Our #1 and only goal is to do better work while building positive relationships with our customers. Our seamless process and dedication to quality work makes us the #1 choice for all your roofing and gutter needs.
We just had them come back for our second round of gutter installation and just like the first... time, the crew was polite, reviewed the layout and colors before beginning work, left the work area debris free, professional, and very quick!Thank you all very much!- Charo Familyread more
Prime Seamless Gutters has installed gutters on two of my homes and I've been very happy with... the quality of their work. They drew up the plan for my home, installed the gutters in a very timely manner, and even connected my rain barrels to the downspouts.read more
Prime sent out Brendon and Jason P. to install our gutters. They were very professional and... extremely efficient. The installation is just as seamless as they claim and it looks amazing. Highly recommend this business for their gutter services and will be sure to reach out again for future projects!read more
Stacey McClellan, ABR GRI MRP RENE
It might seem silly to get gutters in the middle of a drought, but as a native Texan I know... that we will eventually have a rainy season. I've been in my home for 3 years, and when it rains, one side of my house becomes a swamp, and with the pitch of the roof, it pours down off the back porch. Gutters are definitely needed! Not only to curb the swamp effect, but to preserve the life of the fascia boards that sit just below the roof line. If you've lived in Texas and bought or own a home, you know that rainy weather will warp those boards over time. Prime Seamless Gutters & Roofing did a wonderful job! They were easy to schedule with, providing a schematic of the plan following their initial visit, along with the estimate. Once we tweaked the plan Jace sent, they were ready to get us on the schedule--and EARLIER than was estimated. They showed up on time and worked nonstop until the work was complete. I highly recommend this company!read more
Zachary Jenkins did an amazing job helping us navigate an insurance claim. Great... communication, answered all of my questions thoroughly, and we couldn’t be happier with our new roof!read more
We used Prime Seamless Gutters and Roofing for our Roof!Loved the services that rep Mike R... gave us. He answered every question and phone call. I went back and forth on Metal or shingle roof styles. I ended up doing both. Mike came out and brought me samples. We ended up doing a high def shingle roof and added metal to accent the roof. Thanks for all your help!read more
Jason P, Justin Y and Rich arrived promptly and provided outstanding work. They were very... responsive and professional.We would definitely recommend this company.read more
We’ve used Prime Seamless Gutters for all of our gutter needs and wouldn’t think of using... anyone else! They not only have a great product but they also do quality work! They’re dependable, thorough, trustworthy and communicate well! This starts at the top with Katie Johnson and continues to Jessica in the office. Ariel has been the one who came out for both of our jobs to provide input, make a diagram and provide us with an estimate. The crew members were extremely helpful, knowledgeable and professional in the installation process! You’ll be very pleased if you have Marcell, Oscar and Richard show up for your installation! We just can’t say enough good things about the company or the people that work there! Hire them…you won’t regret it!read more
Professional crew, installation was completed in a timely manner. Site was left clean as if no... personnel were onsite, which was very appreciated. I was informed and updated throughout the entire process. Extremely hard working crew. The initial representative professional and through.read more
Just had gutters installed on my shop, connecting to water cistern. Polite and professional... crew. Installed the gutters with the leafgaurd . Riley, Dalton, Brendon had everything installed fast and efficiently,communicating with me to make sure connections were to my satisfaction.read more
So I “wanted “ gutters on my house Ariel came out and gave me a quote. I reached to 4 other... organizations and the quote was based on all the factors not just money. I decided to use Prime. I was expecting to have Jason P, Justin Y and Rich at my home for hours. They did an amazing job. They explained the process and moved a camera due to the gutters. I am so overjoyed. Thanks Primeread more
I greatly appreciate the gutter installation recently completed on my home by Prime Seamless... Gutters & Roofing. It was a pleasure working with Jace Rathell who laid out the plan and answered my questions and then with Jason, Justin and Rich who were diligent and professional completing the job despite 40 ft ladders and the wind, the 100 degree temperatures and, what proved to be, my less than serious concerns. They did a great job and I recommend them highly.read more
We had new gutters put on our recently built patio cover and also to extend gutters on the... back of the house. In addition, we also had leaf screens installed on both new and existing gutters. Everyone from start to finish was very professional, responsive, and thorough. Jace came out to measure and provide a quote. Oscar, Marcell and Chris completed the installation which they did an absolutely great job. We are so pleased that we chose Prime Seamless Gutters & Roofing to complete our project.read more
The crew showed up on time, prepared and friendly! I was excited to get gutters on my home... because of the soil degradation that was taking place. Elijah, Oscar and Marcell worked seamlessly together! They were professional from start to finish!When the job was done I was impressed on what a difference the gutters made on my home! Now I’m looking forward to the continued preservation of my home and foundation!!read more
Zachary Jenkins was professional, and knowledgeable. He even took the time to explain things.... Highly recommendread more
Residential gutter install. Ariel M performed my estimate and was friendly, knowledgeable,... helpful and efficient. It was not a long time between estimate and install, almost two weeks if I remember correctly. Chris K and Brendon S did our install and were also very friendly, professional and efficient. The gutters look great and the color match is perfect! Overall the company was great to work with and their employees have excellent customer service. I highly recommend this company and will use again!read more
I want to thank and recommend Prime Seamless Gutters for their excellent, excellent business,... and professionalism, they are very affordable, and fast at doing their job done, specially their employees that they bring in the field, the ones that work at my house were: Jason, Justin, and Brendon, bran very polite, respectful and doing their job is very important for a customer, and they have all those cualificaciones and over all the experience.Thank you so much Primer Seamless Gutters. You’re the best!read more
Zach was wonderful to work with! After USAA denied our roof leak claim stating it fell under... “general wear and tear” Zach took his time and walked the roof and was able to substantiate and provide proof of hail damage. Prime Seamless (and particularly Zach) were quick to respond to us and when USAA became difficult to connect with, Zach took over communications in order to move the claim along. Highly recommend!!!read more
10/10! I’m in the military and was in need of gutters along the sides and back of our home. I... had significant erosion to my lawn and around the perimeter of our house and was happy to support a vet owned business with great reviews. They did not disappoint and kept everything in line with the color aesthetics we wanted for our home. Great company!read more
Chris & Brendon S did an awesome job!
After a very wet Spring we noticed some wood damage on a small section of the roof. We called... Prime Seamless for an estimate to fix the damage and install gutters. From beginning to end Prime Seamless was knowledgeable, professional, very responsive and we received a very fair price. Our installers, Brendon S. and Chris, did a very neat and clean job. They arrived on time and kept us informed throughout the day. We couldn't be happier with the color matching and the work. Thank You! D and E Martinezread more
The two installers were very responsive to requests and left the jobsite immaculate.
Great work by Brendon and Chris. Thank you!
I give 2 stars, but the roof quality appears to be very good. The crews were extremely... destructive. To the point my neighbors both made comments. They tore my yard apart and broke my sprinkler system in multiple places. They kept telling me they would work with me to take care of the issue, yet months later nothing was ever done. I finally took care of it myself and told them to do what they thought was right. As expected I never heard from them again.I would not recommend.I am changing this to 4 stars because as Andrew pointed out, it was ABC the delivery company that made the mess. I will not give 5 stars because to my point, it is Prime Seamless gutters responsibility as they are who I hired.And to be fair here, Andrew has offered to make this right.read more
My experience was a much better then I was expected. I'm a contractor and once I met Mitchel... installers crew. I saw how clean the job was performed and invaited them to my next project.10 of 10, I'm seriouse, you guys realy amaizing and on such a hot sun above with 110F.Thank you so much from me and my client.Mindasread more
Put up a screened gutter we needed for a rain barrel. Very professional and experienced.
Mitch came out and explained our options for seamless gutters. We went with what he... recommended. The gutters look great. Great prices and wonderful customer service.read more
Mitchell and Skyler were both professional people. It was a thorough walkthrough pre and post... installation process. Gutters look great and work was completed as scheduled. Great company. Highly recommend themread more
Mitch with PrimeGutters was fantastic!! Professional and knew what he was talking about, and... one of the single best things about this company is that the same person (Mitch) who came out to give me a quote and talk through what they could do to help with our drainage issues, is the same person who actually came to install the new gutters!! He even went out of his way to reuse an old downspout of ours he was going to throw away in order to add some of it to a downspout that was too high up on our house!! Highly recommend!read more
My house did not have gutters upon moving in and after getting a few quotes it was clear Mitch... and his team at Prime Seamless were the best choice. Mitch was very flexible and understanding about my timing and budget due to the new house purchase. He gave me options as to where we could install gutters and made sure what was installed was functioning in the most effective way. After the initial, install I noticed some overflow at the end cap. Mitch responded to me within hours of my outreach and came out the next day. He pointed to a slight issue in my roofing that caused a steep run off but he was still able to mitigate the overflow on the gutter at no extra cost to me. Mitch is been honest, respectful and efficient. Also, my gutters look beautiful and function very well!read more
Very fast service. Received an in-person quote within days and was very pleased with the... pricing. The team matched my house colors almost perfectly and blended the gutters in so well that you can barely tell they are there. Installation was the following week and went without a problem.Don't hesitate to give them a shot. This is a new location from the main one in San Antonio. Great service and staff!read more
Mitch was great! Very knowledgeable and patient and explained the whole process thoroughly.... Very friendly and did everything he could to help make sure that we were satisfied...VERY reasonable pricing and did not try to price gouge just because we are in a "nice" area. I would definitely recommend them to all of my friends or family.Eric T.....Georgetown, TXread more
I hired Prime to do gutters on my new construction house in Austin, they were fast efficient... and affordable. They awnser the phones most importantly. I will be using them on future jobs and possibly roofing as well!read more
I had new gutters put on recently by Mitch and Skyler and I am incredibly happy with them.... They used high quality Senox gutters and I was able to pick a color that was a great match for my house. When I called, Mitch picked up right away and he was so helpful. Throughout the process his communication was excellent, and he put my mind at ease at every step of the way. The day of installation, Mitch and Skyler arrived on time, and they were precise with their work resulting in a superior installation including a leaf guard that will work very well for me. They are true professionals and they know what they are doing. I had a less than ideal experience with gutter installation a few years ago and hesitated for a long time to try again, but Mitch and Skyler restored my faith! Best of all, the outside of my home looks complete now and I won't get showered when I step outside in a rain storm! If you are considering gutters, please give Mitch a call. You will be happy you did.read more